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Verb forms

Verb forms:

How different Verb Forms can be created?

Regular verb forms:

1) The suffix ‘-ed’ is used in the second (V2) and third (V3) forms of the verb in English.

इंग्रजीत क्रियापदाचे दुसरे  (V2) व तिसरे (V3) रूप करताना ‘-ed’ हे प्रत्यय लावतात.

e.g.

V1V2V3
openopenedopened
killkilledkilled
workworkedworked
callcalledcalled
acceptacceptedaccepted

2) If there is ‘e’ at the end of the first form (V1) of the verb, only ‘-d’ is used in its second (V2) and third (V3) forms.

क्रियापदाच्या पहिल्या रूपाच्या शेवटी ‘e’ असल्यास त्याचे दुसरे व तिसरे रूप करताना फक्त ‘-d’ लावतात.

e.g.

V1V2V3
useusedused
livelivedlived
changechangedchanged
likelikedliked
completecompletedcompleted

3) If there is ‘-y’ at the end of the verb, then ‘-ed’ is followed by ‘i’.

क्रियापदाच्या शेवटी ‘-y’ असल्यास त्याला ‘-ed’ लावताना ‘-y’ चे ‘i’ होते.

e.g.

V1V2V3
crycriedcried
worryworriedworried
trytriedtried
studystudiedstudied
copycopiedcopied

4) If there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) before ‘-y’, then ‘-y’ does not become ‘I’. It takes a straight ‘-ed’ as suffix.

जर ‘-y’ च्या आधी स्वर (a, e, i, o, u) असल्यास मात्र ‘-y’ चे ‘I’ होत नाही किंवा दुसरा काही बदल होत नाही. सरळ ‘ed’ लागते.

e.g.

V1V2V3
playplayedplayed
obeyobeyedobeyed
staystayedstayed
employemployedemployed
enjoyenjoyedenjoyed

5) If there is a vowel before the last syllable in the first form (V1) of the verb, the last consonant is repeated when ‘-ed’ is inserted.

क्रियापदाच्या पहिल्या रूपात शेवटच्या अक्षरापूर्वी एक स्वर असल्यास ‘-ed’ लावताना शेवटच्या अक्षराची पुनरावृत्ती होते.

e.g.

V1V2V3
stopstoppedstopped
begbeggedbegged
hophoppedhopped
planplannedplanned
robrobbedrobbed

6) If there are two vowels before the last letter, the last letter is not repeated.

जर शेवटच्या अक्षरापूर्वी दोन स्वर असल्यास शेवटच्या अक्षराची पुनरावृत्ती होत नाही.

e.g.

V1V2V3
looklookedlooked
boilboiledboiled
conquerconqueredconquered
avoidavoidedavoided
appearappearedappeared

Important about Verb forms

There are few exceptions to the above rules. But these are the most suitable rules for making different verbs forms. They are called regular verb forms.

वरील नियमांना काही अपवाद आहेत. परंतु भिन्न क्रियापदांचे फॉर्म बनविण्यासाठी हे सर्वात योग्य नियम आहेत. त्यांना नियमित क्रियापद फॉर्म म्हणतात.

Irregular Verb Forms:

SrV1MarathiV2V3
 Base FormMeaningPast SimplePast Participial
1ariseउत्पन्न होणेarosearisen
2awakeजागृत होणेawokeawoken
3be (is, am,are)असणे, होणेwas, werebeen
4bearसहन करणेboreborne
5beatमारणेbeatbeaten
6becomeबनणेbecamebecome
7befallघडणेbefellbefallen
8beginसुरू करणे, सुरु होणेbeganbegun
9beholdपाहणेbeheldbeheld
10bendवाकणेbentbent
11betपैज लावणेbetbet
12bidबोली लावणेbidbid
13bindबांधणेboundbound
14biteचावणेbitbitten
15bleedरक्त वाहणेbledbled
16blowधक्काblewblown
17breakखंडित होणेbrokebroken
18bringआणणेbroughtbrought
19buildबांधणेbuiltbuilt
20burnजाळणेburntburnt
21buyखरेदी करणेboughtbought
22catchझेलणेcaughtcaught
23chooseनिवडणेchosechosen
24comeयेणेcamecome
25costखर्च होणेcostcost
26creepसरपटणेcreptcrept
27cutकापणेcutcut
28digखणणेdugdug
29diveडुबकी मारणेdovedived
30doकरणेdiddone
31drawकाढणेdrewdrawn
32dreamस्वप्न पाहणेdreamtdreamt
33driveचालवणेdrovedriven
34drinkपिणेdrankdrunk
35dwellराहणेdweltdwelt
36eatखाणेateeaten
37fallपडणेfellfallen
38feelवाटणेfeltfelt
39fightलढणेfoughtfought
40findशोधणेfoundfound
41flyउडणेflewflown
42forbidमनाई करणेforbadeforbade
43forgetविसरणेforgotforgotten
44forgiveक्षमा करणेforgaveforgiven
45freezeगोठवणेfrozefrozen
46getमिळवणेgotgotten
47giveदेणेgavegiven
48goजाणेwentgone
49grindदळणेgroundground
50growवाढणेgrewgrown
51hangफाशी देणेhunghung
52haveअसणेhadhad
53hearऐकणेheardheard
54hideलपवणेhidhidden
55hitमारणेhithit
56holdधरून ठेवणेheldheld
57hurtदुखापत होणेhurthurt
58keepठेवणेkeptkept
59knowमाहित असणेknewknown
60layघालणेlaidlaid
61leadआघाडी घेणेledled
62leapउडी मारणेleaptleapt
63leaveसोडणेleftleft
64lendउधार देणेlentlent
65lieखोटे बोलणेlaylain
66loseहरवणेlostlost
67makeबनवणेmademade
68meanम्हणजे, अर्थ सांगणेmeantmeant
69meetभेटणेmetmet
70payवेतन, देणेpaidpaid
71putठेवणेputput
72quitसोडून देणेquitquit
73readवाचणेreadread
74rideस्वार होणेroderidden
75ringरिंग वाजणे,rangrung
76riseउदय होणेroserisen
77runधावणेranrun
78sayम्हणणेsaidsaid
79seeपाहणेsawseen
80sellविकणेsoldsold
81sendपाठवणेsentsent
82showदाखवणेshowedshown
83shutबंद होणेshutshut
84singगाणे म्हणणेsangsung
85sitबसणेsatsat
86sleepझोपणेsleptslept
87sowपेरणेsowedsown
88speakबोलणेspokespoken
89spendखर्च करणेspentspent
90spinसुत कातणेspanspun
91spitथुंकणेspatspat
92standउभे रहाणेstoodstood
93swearशपथ घेणेsworeswore
94sweepझाडणेsweptswept
95swimपोहणेswamswum
96takeघेणेtooktaken
97teachशिकवणेtaughttaught
98tearअश्रू येणेtoretorn
99tellसांगणेtoldtold
100thinkविचार करणेthoughtthought
101throwफेकणेthrewthrown
102treadतुडवणेtrodtrodden
103understandसमजून घेणेunderstoodunderstood
104undertakeहाती घेणेundertookundertaken
105wakeजागे होणेwokewoken
106wearपरिधान करणेworeworn
107weaveविणणेwovewoven
108weepरडणेweptwept
109windगुंडाळणेwoundwound
110winविजय होणेwonwon
111writeलिहणेwrotewritten

See more

Grammar Test No. 1

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