A group of words that includes a subject and a verb is called clause. A clause is usually only part of a sentence.

e.g. When we take rest, we get energy.


Clauses are of two types:

1) Principal clause (Main clause)

2) Sub-ordinate clause

e.g. He has a chain which is made of gold.

The underlined clause is Sub-ordinate clause and the remaining one is Principal clause.

Kinds of sub-ordinate clause:

  1. Noun clause
  2. Relative clause
  3. Adverb clause
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Noun clause:-

A) The Subject of a verb.

e.g. That the earth moves round the sun is an eternal truth.

B) The Object of a verb.

e.g. I do not know how he became successful.

C) The Object of a preposition.

e.g. We were concerned about whether Raju was safe.

D) The Object of an infinitive.

e.g. He went to see what had happened.

E) The Object of a participle.

e.g. She remained wondering why her friend told lie.

F) In apposition to a Noun or Pronoun.

e.g. He approached me with a request that I should help his friends.

G) The Complement of a verb of incomplete predication.

e.g. Life is what we make.

Adverb clause:

1) Adverb clause of time

e.g. When Ramu runs fast, he wins the race.

2) Adverb clause of place

e.g. They can stay where they are.

3) Adverb clause of purpose

e.g. He brings that bat so that they can start the game.

4) Adverb clause of reason

e.g. She ran home as she didn’t face him.

5) Adverb clause of result

e.g. His speech went so long that they began to fall asleep.

6) Adverb clause of condition

e.g. If you work hard, you will get money.

7) Adverb clause of contrast

e.g. Though she is poor, she is happy.

8) Adverb clause of comparison e.g. I am not so rich as I look.

Relative clause

A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. It has a subject and verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. It is sometimes called an “adjective clause” because it functions like an adjective—it gives more information about a noun. A relative clause always begins with a “relative pronoun,” which substitutes for a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun when sentences are combined.


The student who sits in the back of the room makes a lot of noise.

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1) Online test on Articles

2) Online test on Framing wh- question

3) Online test on Conjunctions

4) Online test on If and Unless

5) Online test on Adjectives

6) Grammar Quizes

7) Online Test on Tenses

8) Online test on spot the error

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